Introduction to Passover


Before we can talk about Passover, we need some scriptural background and a few words defined.


The Hebrew word for Passover is “Pesach”


H6453  פּסח  pesach    peh'-sakh


From H6452; a pretermission, that is, exemption; used only technically of the Jewish Passover (the festival or the victim): - passover (offering).



It is from the word “Pasach”



H6452  פּסח     pâsach   paw-sakh'


A primitive root; to hop, that is, (figuratively) skip over (or spare); by implication to hesitate; also (literally) to limp, to dance: - halt, become lame, leap, pass over.



The Passover passage of scripture starts in Exodus 11 with the last of the plagues that Yahweh sends into Egypt.



Exodus 11:1-7


(1)  The LORD said to Moshe, "Yet one plague more will I bring on Par`oh, and on Egypt; afterwards he will let you go. When he lets you go, he will surely thrust you out altogether.


(2)  Speak now in the ears of the people, and let them ask every man of his neighbor, and every woman of her neighbor, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold."


(3)  The LORD gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moshe was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Par`oh's servants, and in the sight of the people.


(4)  Moshe said, "This is what the LORD says: 'About midnight I will go out into the midst of Egypt,


(5)  and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Par`oh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the female servant who is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of livestock.


(6)  There shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there has not been, nor shall be any more.


(7)  But against any of the children of Yisra'el a dog won't even bark or move its tongue, against man or animal; that you may know that the LORD makes a distinction between the Egyptians and Yisra'el.



Exodus 12:1-28


(1)  The LORD spoke to Moshe and Aharon in the land of Egypt, saying,


(2)  "This month shall be to you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year to you.


(3)  Speak to all the congregation of Yisra'el, saying, 'On the tenth day of this month, they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to their fathers' houses, a lamb for a household;


(4)  and if the household be too little for a lamb, then he and his neighbor next to his house shall take one according to the number of the souls; according to what everyone can eat you shall make your count for the lamb.


(5)  Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats:


(6)  and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Yisra'el shall kill it at evening.


(7)  They shall take some of the blood, and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel, on the houses in which they shall eat it.


(8)  They shall eat the flesh in that night, roasted with fire, and matzah. They shall eat it with bitter herbs.


(9)  Don't eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted with fire; with its head, its legs and its inner parts.


(10)  You shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; but that which remains of it until the morning you shall burn with fire.


(11)  This is how you shall eat it: with your waist girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD's Pesach.


(12)  For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and animal. Against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD.


(13)  The blood shall be to you for a token on the houses where you are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and there shall no plague be on you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt.


(14)  This day shall be to you for a memorial, and you shall keep it a feast to the LORD: throughout your generations you shall keep it a feast by an ordinance forever.


(15)  "'Seven days shall you eat matzah; even the first day you shall put away yeast out of your houses, for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Yisra'el.


(16)  In the first day there shall be to you a holy convocation, and in the seventh day a holy convocation; no manner of work shall be done in them, except that which every man must eat, that only may be done by you.


(17)  You shall observe the feast of matzah; for in this same day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall you observe this day throughout your generations by an ordinance forever.


(18)  In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat matzah, until the twenty first day of the month at evening.


(19)  Seven days shall there be no yeast found in your houses, for whoever eats that which is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Yisra'el, whether he be a foreigner, or one who is born in the land.


(20)  You shall eat nothing leavened. In all your habitations you shall eat matzah.'"


(21)  Then Moshe called for all the elders of Yisra'el, and said to them, "Draw out, and take lambs according to your families, and kill the Pesach.


(22)  You shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning.


(23)  For the LORD will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when he sees the blood on the lintel, and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not allow the destroyer to come in to your houses to strike you.


(24)  You shall observe this thing for an ordinance to you and to your sons forever.


(25)  It shall happen when you have come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he has promised, that you shall keep this service.


(26)  It will happen, when your children ask you, 'What do you mean by this service?'


(27)  that you shall say, 'It is the sacrifice of the LORD's Pesach, who passed over the houses of the children of Yisra'el in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians, and spared our houses.'" The people bowed their heads and worshiped.


(28)  The children of Yisra'el went and did so; as the LORD had commanded Moshe and Aharon, so they did.



These instructions that the Father gave to Israel was a set time for something to happen. We see more of these set times in Scripture. They are in Leviticus 23 and they are called “Moedim”. Which is from the Hebrew word “moed”.  



H4150 מועדה    מעד    מועד


mô‛êd  mô‛êd  mô‛âdâh


mo-ade', mo-ade', mo-aw-daw'


From H3259; properly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand): - appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, solemn (-ity), synagogue, (set) time (appointed).



So, we see in Leviticus 23. A recap so to speak of, what was given in Exodus chapters 11 and 12.



Leviticus 23:1-8


(1)  The LORD spoke to Moshe, saying,


(2)  "Speak to the children of Yisra'el, and tell them, 'The set feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my set feasts.


(3)  "'Six days shall work be done: but on the seventh day is a Shabbat of solemn rest, a holy convocation; you shall do no manner of work. It is a Shabbat to the LORD in all your dwellings.


(4)  "'These are the set feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which you shall proclaim in their appointed season.


(5)  In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening, is the LORD's Pesach.


(6)  On the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of matzah to the LORD. Seven days you shall eat matzah.


(7)  In the first day you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no regular work.


(8)  But you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD seven days. In the seventh day is a holy convocation: you shall do no regular work.'"



These appointed times are called feasts to Yahweh. These are set appointed times were the creator of heaven and earth asked us to gather for a feast for him and to remember what he has done for us.


 So according to Exodus chapter 12, the children of Israel had to choose a lamb on the 10th of the month. It had to be a lamb without blemish and no defects. They had to keep the lamb and examine it carefully to make sure that it was pure and would be able to serve as the Passover lamb for their household.


Once the lamb was slaughtered the blood was caught in was applied to the mezuzot, or doorposts, of the home. The side of the door is called mezuzah. On many people's homes, you will see a small box or container or cylinder on the doorpost. That box is called a mezuzah. A more literal translation of that would actually be the doorpost itself. Not just the box that you put on it.


Inside the mezuzah there are Scriptures that have been written on parchment. One of those Scriptures is Deuteronomy 6 starting in verse four that says… Deuteronomy 6:4-9


(4)  Hear, Yisra'el: the LORD is our God; the LORD is one:


(5)  and you shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might.


(6)  These words, which I command you this day, shall be on your heart;


(7)  and you shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise up.


(8)  You shall bind them for a sign on your hand, and they shall be for symbols between your eyes.


(9)  You shall write them on the door posts of your house, and on your gates.



So when you see the mezuzah on the door. It literally is a fulfillment of Deuteronomy 6 verse nine. In this regard, the blood of the lamb was applied to the doorpost. Do you see the connection? This is one fulfillment of Yeshua and a picture of him. If John said in the beginning was the word the word was with God in the word was God and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us. Then Yeshua is the living Word of God. We also have the picture of Yeshua being the Passover lamb. The blood of the Passover lamb was applied to the doorpost, which is the same place the word was applied.


The blood and the word work together for the covering of the household. Did God need to see the blood over the doors of the children of Israel, in order to know who the children of Israel were? No he did not, but the blood was a sign that was given to the children of Israel. All the father asked for was obedience to his word. If you are obedient, then redemption was brought to your household. If you are disobedient to the word that he gave them the firstborn of the household perished that night.


The word and the blood were given as signs not just to Israel, but Egypt. It was a sign for everybody around to know and to understand. God is God. There is no other but him and he means what he says. The only way atonement was given and redemption was made and people were delivered was by listening to the word of the father. We even see this in the book of Revelation chapter 12 verse 11. It says.. Revelation 12:11


(11)  They overcame him because of the Lamb's blood, and because of the word of their testimony. They didn't love their life, even to death.



Even one is on the mezuzah itself is a representation of what the father did for his children during this time. On the mezuzah is a Hebrew letter, that letter is “Shin”. It looks almost like a W. That letter is the first letter of the word Shaddai. We've are the stories of Abraham and how God revealed himself to him as El Shaddai. We know that as the Almighty God, the God who provides.


            What we don't know is that in the Hebrew circles Shaddai is also an acronym. It consists of three Hebrew letters the letter Shin. The letter Dalet. In the letter Yod. Each of these letters can stand for a word on their own. To say that God is El Shaddai is also to say that he is the God who watches over you, and protects you. The Shin stands for “Shomer” - keeper or watchman


the Dalet stands for “Delet” – door


the Yod stands for Yisrael- Israel


so all this put together says El or God is the key poor or watchman of the doors of Israel, where was the blood applied again?


            So now back to the Passover story the blood was applied, and they had to eat the lamb. They were to eat the lamb with bitter herbs and matzoh. They were to eat it fully clothed with their shoes on their belt around her waist staff in their hand and ready to leave. The father knew that when there deliverance came it would be quick.


            We've all heard that Yeshua was the lamb of God. We see this in the Passover telling. John testified of Yeshua and John one verse 29 when he said, behold the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world. Truly Yeshua was, the lamb who provided the covering and protection for us.



Before we continue with this discussion, I want to  give you some Scripture of how Yeshua the Messiah fulfilled the things that were being prophetically spoken during the first Passover.



1)      Exodus chapter 12 verses one to says that this feast marks a new year a beginning for Israel.

a)      2 Corinthians 5 verse 17 says therefore if anyone is united with Messiah. He is a new creation the old has passed and look what is common is fresh and new.

2)      Exodus chapter 12 verse five says that a male lamb in its first year was taken to the home on the 10th of Nisan for the purpose of being closely inspected to see if there were any blemishes. If it was without defect it was been sacrificed were given on the 14th of the month.

a)      First Peter one verse 19 says Yeshua was inspected. We see that bike Pilate in Matthew 27 verse 11 by Herod in Luke chapter 23 verses 8 to 12 by Annas in John chapter 18 verses 12 and 13. By Caiaphas in Matthew chapter 26 verse 57. None of them could find fault in him truly, He is the lamb without blemish and defect.

3)      Exodus chapter 12 verse six states that the whole community of God's people were required to participate in the Passover event.

a)      Romans three verses 21 to 26 says receiving the sacrificed her Yeshua will gather you and to be a part of the family of Israel.

4)      Exodus 12 verses 7, 12 and 22 state that the blood of the sacrificed Lamb was applied to the door frame the lintel and the sideposts because of the covering of the blood the houses or the household was spared from the plague. It was a protection for them and a sign for all to see.

a)      John one verse 29, says a Yeshua shed his blood to rescue an atonement for his people. We need to be covered or justified by the blood of the Lamb in order to be rescued from condemnation. Yeshua is the lamb that takes away the sins of the world.

5)      Exodus chapter 12 verse 14 says that the Passover was to be kept as a remembrance for ever.

a)      Luke 22: 19 during the Last Supper Yeshua referred to the bread is my body given for you do this in remembrance of me.

b)      Hebrews chapter 7 says that Yeshua is a Cohen forever, and he is the high priest forever, because his position did not pass on to somebody else he is still alive.

6)      Exodus chapter 12 verse 46 Yahweh commanded Israel not to break any bones of the sacrificed Lamb.

a)      John chapter 19 verses 32 and 33 state that to speed up Yeshua's death the Roman soldiers were going to break his legs. However, Jesus was already dead, so his bones remained unbroken.


The Feast of Unleavened Bread


            As the story continues, we see more pictures of Yeshua. Passover was one day. But connected with Passover, You have three separate feasts. The first of which is Passover. The second is the feast of unleavened bread in the third is firstfruits. For the feast of unleavened bread the children of Israel were to eat matzoh for seven days. This was done to remind them that they did not have time to let their bread rise. They had to leave now because God was moving in their life Now.


            If you love get a piece of matzoh, you will notice a couple things about it. The first thing is that it is not leavened in Scripture, we noticed that leaven is perceived as sin. In Yeshua our Messiah. There was no sin in him.


1 John 3:5  You know that he was revealed to take away our sins, and in him is no sin.



Paul was stating to the Corinthians, to keep themselves pure, and he related this to the Scripture regarding Passover.


1 Corinthians 5:6-8


(6)  Your boasting is not good. Don't you know that a little yeast leavens the whole lump?


(7)  Purge out the old yeast, that you may be a new lump, even as you are unleavened. For indeed Messiah, our Pesach, has been sacrificed in our place.


(8)  Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old yeast, neither with the yeast of malice and wickedness, but with the matzah of sincerity and truth.



Something else you will also notice about matzoh is that it is striped and is pierced and to eat it, it is broken. We see more of this and Isaiah chapter 53.


Isaiah 53:4-7


(4)  Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.


(5)  But he [was] wounded for our transgressions, [he was] bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace [was] upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.


(6)  All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.


(7)  He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.



The Feast of Firstfruits



The third feast in this time of Passover is firstfruits. We are given a Scripture on this in Leviticus 23 versus nine through 16. It says…


Leviticus 23:9-16


(9)  The LORD spoke to Moshe, saying,


(10)  "Speak to the children of Yisra'el, and tell them, 'When you have come into the land which I give to you, and shall reap its the harvest, then you shall bring the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the Kohen:


(11)  and he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you. On the next day after the Shabbat the Kohen shall wave it.


(12)  On the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb without blemish a year old for a burnt offering to the LORD.


(13)  The meal offering with it shall be two tenth parts of an efah of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire to the LORD for a sweet savor; and the drink offering with it shall be of wine, the fourth part of a hin.


(14)  You shall eat neither bread, nor roasted grain, nor fresh grain, until this same day, until you have brought the offering of your God. This is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.


(15)  "'You shall count from the next day after the Shabbat, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Shabbatot shall be completed:


(16)  even to the next day after the seventh Shabbat you shall number fifty days; and you shall offer a new meal offering to the LORD.



Yeshua our Messiah arose from the grave on this feast of firstfruits and he presented himself as the firstfruit offering to the father so that we could be presented to the father as holy.


Romans 11 verse 16 says that the bread offered as the firstfruit is holy, so is the whole batch and if the root is holy, so are the branches. Rabbi Shaul, the apostle Paul, was telling us that Yeshua was our first fruit, because we know he is also the root.



First Corinthians 15 verse 20 says the fact is Messiah has been raised from the dead the firstfruits of those who have died.



First Corinthians 15 verse 23 but each in his own order the Messiah is the firstfruits than those who belong to Messiah at the time of his coming.



This year, as we come to the spring feasts of the Lord, let's come with the heart of reverence and all to serve the one true God and the honor him and to receive by his spirit. The true living word. May it dwell inside of us and continue to grow. May his word truly be written on our hearts so that we will walk in it.


Until next time,


blessings and shalom,